Gas is a normal part of our digestive system . Excessive gas builds up in the intestines or stomach , causing discomfort , cramps and flatulence.
- Bloating and pain in abdomen ,
- Belching (burping) and Flatulence .
- Improper digestion.
A variety of circumstances can contribute to excessive gas, including:
- Swallowing air whilst drinking and eating , especially if we drink carbonated soft drinks or beer or if we eat too fast.
- Under - active or Incomplete digestive processes
- Eating raw foods (especially if this is not something you eat regularly )
- Eating whilst under stress conditions.
- Taking too much fat in a meal
- Incorporating more high-fibre foods to the diet (this usually settles after the body has time to adapt to the new eating habits)
- Eating legumes (e.g. lentils and beans), fermented foods and beverages including alcohol and vinegar , and foods rich in sulfur (e.g. onion , eggs, and garlic)
- GUT infection (particularly foul smelling wind, especially if accompanied by diarrhoea or stomach pains, should be investigated by your doctor )
- Food allergy (such as coeliac disease or lactose intolerance, which is an allergy to a protein found in wheat and other grains)
Food / Diet and lifestyle
Ensure to chew your food thoroughly and eat slowly in order to keep your digestive process functioning healthily. Eating on the run and when under stress conditions can lead to an imbalance of the various digestive enzymes and juices required for proper breakdown of food and it’s absorption and may contribute to gas.
Regular exercise enhances and stimulates digestion and promotes the re-absorption and expulsion of gas.
Drink fewer aerated or carbonated drinks such as soda , soft drinks, water and beer. Avoid smoking and chewing gum as they promote the swallowing of air.
If you suspect you are sensitive or allergic to milk, replacing cow's milk with soy milk may help. Supplementing your diet with lactase and/or probiotics may also reduce the flatulence.
Take the appropriate time to chew your food properly in order to give your stomach time to prepare for the food's arrival by producing digestive juices.
Increase your intake of fibres over a period of several weeks, and avoid legumes, fermented foods and sulfur rich foods (garlic , eggs, and or onions).
Other food allergies or sensitivities may also cause flatulence - possible dietary culprits are best discussed with your doctor.
Consult your doctor if you have persistent, unexplained bloating for more than 3 days, severe abdominal pain or flatulence accompanied by sudden diarrhoea or weight loss.